Phonics is a way of teaching children how to read and write by developing their phonemic awareness—the ability to hear, identify, and manipulate different sounds used in the English language. Children learn the correspondence between these sounds and the spelling patterns (graphemes) that represent them. At St Nicholas, Phonics is taught from Early Years and throughout KS1 and KS2 as required and cover the three main concepts:
Our phonics teaching follows the structure below:
Some words in the English Language can not be taught through phonics as these are exceptions and do not follow patterns. These are called tricky words (High Frequency). These are taught through different spelling activities and repeated exposure to the children. The process of each phonics phase can be found by accessing the letters and sounds document.